The Alcazaba palace-fortress is located on a hill with the Castle (Castillo) of Gibralfaro at its peak. Having been built largely during the 11th century, the fortress went on to become a residence of kings and of both Muslim and Christian governors. In the period between the 13th and 16th centuries, the building underwent renovation works and was linked to the Castle of Gibralfaro.
One of the most significant events in the history of the alcazaba occurred during the reign of the Catholic kings, when it was besieged and later returned to the Catholic monarchs following a long blockade. The cross and the standard displayed on the Torre del Homenaje or 'Tribute Tower' are, in fact, a symbol of this victory.
Although the building was initially constructed for defence purposes, it had a very wide variety of uses during the 19th century, including a home for delinquents and also a shelter for the poverty-stricken and those living on the fringes of society. Nowadays it belongs to the city and houses an archaeological museum. It was declared a National Monument in 1933 and was awarded the special recognition granted to castles in the autonomous community of Andalusia by the Andalusian Autonomous Government in 1993.
This fortress protected the province of Grenada and served as a residence for the Muslim governor of Malaga.© © Jose Antonio Moreno / age fotostock
There are some magnificent and well-maintained gardens and patios on the fortress grounds.© © Juan Carlos Cantero / age fotostock
Alcazaba successively served as a prison, lodgings for those on the margins of society, and then for the destitute during the 19th century.© © Lluis Real / age fotostock
This palace-fortress was built in the 11th century on the order of King Badis of Grenada.© © Juan Carlos Cantero / age fotostock
The view of the entire coast from the ramparts is breathtaking.© © Juan Carlos Cantero / age fotostock