The Sierra de Guadarrama, which marks the natural border with the northern part of the area of Madrid, is a mountain range with numerous different ecosystems, rich fauna and flora, and many sites of interest in terms of nature and landscapes. Among the many sites worth visiting, one should mention the numerous peaks, the highest of which is Peñalara, culminating at 2,430 meters, as well as Cuenca Alta del Manzanares Park (or "Upper Manzanares park"), where the Pedriza is located, which is the largest granite complex in Europe. The Lozoya valley is another highly interesting site in terms of landscape. It's named after the river whose source is located in the sierra and that has created various lakes and marshes in the region. The Sierra de Guadarrama has numerous paths for walking, as well as immense cultural wealth, together making this one of the most visited places in the region.
The range runs southwest - northeast, extending into the province of Madrid to the south, and towards the provinces of Ávila and Segovia to the north.© iStockphoto.com / Cipango27
The chain as a whole measures approximately 80 km in length, with its highest peak, Peñalara, reaching 2,428 m above sea level.© Isaías Ibáñez / 123RF
The climate of the Sierra de Guadarrama is marked by heavy precipitation which gives birth to the territory's numerous streams and rivers.© tomas1111/123RF