Culture Tajikistan

  • Tajikistan,
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Amy Adejokun
Amy Adejokun Expert destination Tajikistan

Tajikistan : Discover the country's culture




Central Asia - Guides Marcus - ed. 1998.

Tajikistan : Discover the country's history

Historical dates

Until the end of the XVIIIth century. Tajikistan is invaded by the Arabs, Persians, Turkish, Mongolians and Afghans respectively.
XIXth century. The northern and eastern parts of the country are under Russian control while China and Afghanistan are trying to conquer the rest of the territory.
1924. After seven years of war against the Bolshevik Empire, the country becomes an independent and later federal Republic in 1929.
The 70s. Founding of an Islamist movement. Tajikistan opposes Russian intervention in Afghanistan.
1990. Riots in the country. Upsurge of Islamist movements.
1991. Declaration of independence. Start of the civil war between Islamist perties and the ex-communists in power.
1992. President Nabiyev is taken from power and replaced by Iskandarov. He is accused of plotting a coup d'état and the National Front led by Rakhmonov takes over power and institutes a wide repression.
1994. Cease-fire between the state and Islamist opposition. Rakhmonov obtains a second mandate. He founds a single party. The civil war continues.
1997. Peace agreement. But confusion continues with the presence of some rebel groups.
1999. Rahkmonov is reelected and remains in power.
2004.  Oqil Oquilov is Prime Minister since 1999.

Tajikistan : Stay up to date on the country's holidays and events


1 January: New Year's Day
14 January : Orthodox New Year.
8 March: Women's Day.
21 March: Zarathustra New Year.
1st May: Labour Day.
9 May: Victory Day.
20 August: Farsi New Year.
11 September: Independance Day.
6 November: Constitution Day.
9 November: Day of National Reconciliation.
31 December: Feast of Sacrifice.

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