Discover Flora Uruguay

First and foremost are the prairies that take up the large majority of the country's territory and are interrupted by forests and marshy or swampy areas. These praries are home to more than 2,000 species of vegetation, such as eucalyptus, ceibo, acacia, willow, mimosa, myrtle, argaroba and quebracho. The 155 mile long coast is scattered with rocky patches, sandy beaches and costal ravines. Vegetation is also present with dibujante, tembladerilla, senecio and espartina.

Damp areas, known as ?humedales' offer different environments for aquatic organisms and are the dream location for birds. The swamps benefit from varied vegetation that changes depending on the quality and level of water available. The Scirpus and rhynchospora families are part of the vegetation in this area. The palm grove is made up of Pindo, an elegant, fast growing palm, as well as Butia - a palm with grey foliage and a large trunk.

The forest area is known as Monte, and there are four distinct types. Monte Ribereno is made up of narrow bands no larger than 650 ft. The northern climate, more humid and warmer, allows greater proliferation of species. These species, such as Cibo, mataojos, creole willow and coloured and white sarandi, seek out moist places or places that are near areas of water. In contrast, some species prefer to be further away from water sources - such as pitanga, myrtle, canelon or the peach tree. The Monte Park is a collection of small isolated woods, alternating with the prairie. It is found across the whole country. Depending on its geographic location, the Monte Park contains different types of tree such as acacia, cornilla, pepper plant, caroba, fiero and tala. Monte Serrano is often associated with mountainous or isolated areas. Vegetation here is made up of a collection of short, bushy trees. Coronilla, myrtle, aruera, talas and goyaviers can also be found. The Monte de Quebrada is a very small type of forest. It is specific to the environment formed by ravines and moist gorges found to the north. The most common species is the Espina de la cruz thistle, but coronilla, canelons and congorosa can also be found.

  • Flora
 , Flora , Uruguay

    The plains and rainforests of Uruguay make for a great diversity of pleasant landscapes.

    Fotosearch / Age Fotostock
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 , Uruguay
    2,000 species

    The flora in Uruguay includes nearly 2,000 plant species. Here, a weeping willow.

    Ivonne Wierink / age fotostock
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 , Uruguay
    The mimosa

    It is one of the trees that you will come across among Uruguay's landscapes. There are nearly 4,000 different species in the world.

    © JAPACK / age fotostock
  • Flora
 , Uruguay
    Coastal vegetation

    All along the 155 miles of Atlantic coastline you will find various different species: dibujante grass, tembladerilla, senecio and espartatina.

    © emotive images / age fotostock
  • Flora
 , Uruguay
    The monte

    The forested area of Uruguay is called 'monte'.

    Richard Semik / Age Fotostock
  • Flora
 , Uruguay
    © Werner Hilpert / age fotostock
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