Things to see in Uruguay

  • Uruguay
    Uruguay
    © Ricardo Kuhl / 123RF
Amy Adejokun
Amy Adejokun Expert destination Uruguay

Landscapes

Uruguay gets its name from the river that separates it from its neighbour, Argentina. This small country in Latin America is found between the province of La Pampa in Argentina and the hills in the south of Brazil. The majority of the country is composed of vast plains.

A huge marshy area prone to flooding has formed at the mouth of the Uruguay River. Further along the coast, the river has created a number of lagoons and some low-lying hills. The north and north-east of the country are made up of small mountains, none of which surpass 600m in height. The highest point in Uruguay is Cerro Catedral, which stands at 514m above sea level.

The south of the country is marked by the Rio de la Plata, which is fed by two rivers: the Rio Uruguay and the Rio Negro. They come together to form one of the biggest estuaries in the world. This part of the country is essential for its development. Indeed, the two rivers provide Uruguay its electricity and drinking water. What's more, they are the key to the country's economic development, as boats travel through here to reach the city of Salto in the north of the country.

Coasts

To the east of Montevideo, the coast is superb; it is very wooded, giving on to little bays and deserted beaches.

Arts and culture

At the beginning of colonisation, Uruguay was only populated with Spanish businesses and nomadic Gauchos. In 1800, the large properties, ?Estancias', started to appear thanks to the European residents (of Italian and Spanish descent).

The fauna

The ornithological and aquatic wildlife in Uruguay is very rich and varied. Various species of birds can be seen, along with rodents, insects, cetaceans, caimans and felines. To see any of these you need patience!

The flora

Uruguay is a rich and varied country in terms of vegetation. There are numerous green spaces spread across the country's surface.

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